Conservative and restorative dentistry is the part of Dentistry destined to the healing and reconstruction of the damaged parts of the tooth by fractures, erosions and wear or by cavities. It also intervenes in the treatment of dental malformations

Dental Cavities

It is a very common disease, which destroys the exposed parts of the tooth. The cause is due to many factors: genetic and biological factors can contribute. Saliva and the oral microbial flora act as factors, and diet and hygiene influence as well. Cavities are a form of infection in which specific bacteria grow on the surface of the enamel, especially in grooves and places protected from friction, forming the so-called “bacterial plaque” in which sugars are accumulated as food and appear as acid by-products that demineralize the surface and disintegrate the enamel structure.

The enamel cavities are not painful but when they penetrate and affect the pulp, they are very painful until the death of the pulp, when the pain usually disappears. But if the decay is left untreated, the process will eventually penetrate through the root canals beyond the tooth, into the soft tissue, where it will initiate a painful inflammatory reaction.

It is one of the most common oral diseases in the world. It usually appears in children and young adults, although it can affect anyone, and even in old age there is a very destructive type of cavities that especially affects the roots that have been exposed over the years. Tooth decay significantly impairs the quality of life.

Caries Barcelona
Caries Bonanova

In old age, root cavities that appear on areas with exposed dentin are very common. It is precisely at this time when the commitment to oral hygiene should increase including fluoride toothpastes and applications of fluoride at high concentrations on these root areas that have been bared.

Depending on the volume of tooth that we have to replace, it may be necessary to resort to resistant materials such as porcelain, or composite resins, both manufactured “ad hoc” in dental laboratories, accurately reproducing the part of the lost tooth that we intend to repair ; These preparations called “incrustations or inlays” are cemented directly into their site by a rather complex process.

Clinical case nº1
Clinical case nº2
Clinical case nº3

A 22-year-old patient who attended Bonadex Dentists with a fracture of 11 and 21. The reconstructions were made directly with composite.


Patient who goes to Bonadex Dentists with a fracture of 11 and 12 due to trauma. We perform the reconstructions directly in the clinic with composite.


Molar with an infiltrated filling in which there is decay below. The cavity is eliminated and a new filling is made.

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